Connect R to SQL Server 2012 and “14”

Anders Spur Hansen

This post will demonstrate how to connect R to Microsoft SQL Server, so that data can be extracted directly from a database by using SQL-statements. The approach described in this post is supported by both SQL Server 2012 and the upcoming SQL Server “14”. You can connect to SQL Server using different techniques – one of them is by using ODBC. This post will use ODBC.

The first time you need to connect to a database, you need to perform some one-time tasks, which are:

  • Create a ODBC DSN data source
  • Install necessary R-packages from CRAN

The screenshot below shows a table containing the well-known data set ‘weather.nomnial’. The table is part of a database named ‘MiningDataSets’. The goal of this tutorial is to load all this data into R.

SQLR00
Create DSN
First we need to setup a user DSN data source pointing at our SQL Server using ODBC. The…

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